How We Can Avoid Anemia | Signs and Symptoms of Anemia

Anemia


Low levels of hemoglobin in the blood can lead to various health problems. One of them is anemia. Anemia can affect the functioning of all the organs of the body. Anemia is the lack of healthy red blood cells that supply the oxygen needed to your body's tissues.

There are many forms of anemia (more than 400 types of anemia), it may temporary or chronic, moderate, or severe.

Causes of anemia
  • Not enough blood cells production in the body
  • The body destroys red blood cells
  • Replacement delay of blood cells due to bleeding

Symptoms of anemia
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Pain in chest
  • Pale skin
  • Shortness of breath
  • abnormal heartbeats
  • Headache
  • Cold in hand and feet
  • losing balance

Types of anemia
  • Iron deficiency anemia
  • Vitamin deficiency anemia
  • Sickle cell anemia 
  • Hemolytic anemia 
  • Fanconi anemia
  • Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA)
  • Aplastic anemia
  • Thalassemia

Iron deficiency anemia

This is the most common type of anemia caused by iron deficiency.

Vitamin deficiency anemia

It is very common in the elderly. Vitamin deficiency anemia caused by a deficiency of vitamin B-12 and vitamin B-9. Sometimes this can happen when the vitamins are properly absorbed. Megaloblastic anemia is another name for vitamin-deficiency anemia.
 

Sickle cell anemia


This is one of a group of disorders known as sickle cell disease. Sickle cell anemia is an inherited red blood cell disease that does not have enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout your body.


Sickle cell anemia symptoms

  • Periodic pain crises
  • Tiredness
  • Swelling of hands and feet
  • Vision problem
  • Affecting infections
  • Growth delay
Patients with sickle cell anemia are at increased risk for serious infection, with fever being the first sign of an infection. So be very careful about such things. For more about sickle cell anemia symptoms>>


Hemolytic anemia


Hemolytic anemia is a disease in which the red blood cells destroyed faster than they occur. This destruction of red blood cells called hemolysis. Red blood cells are carrying oxygen to all parts of the body. If the number of red blood cells in your body less than the normal count, you may have anemia.

Fanconi anemia


Fanconi anemia is a rare disease that passes through (inherited) families, mainly affecting the bone marrow. This disease reduces the production of all types of blood cells.


Autoimmune Hemolytic anemia


Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) happens when antibodies directed against the person's red blood cells (RBCs) cause them to burst (lyse). This leading to an insufficient number of oxygen-carrying red blood cells in the circulation.

Normal Iron Levels

Normal levels of iron levels are generally:
  • between 35.5 and 44.9% for adult women
  • between 38.3 to 48.6% for adult men
These values may change as per your age.

Low hemoglobin levels

The general count of hemoglobin in the blood can often be seen in a blood test result. But do you know dangerously low hemoglobin levels

Low hemoglobin count is:
  • less than 3.5 gm dL (135 grams per liter) for men
  • less than 12 gm dL(120 grams per liter) for women
In children, this varies depending on their age and gender.
 

Anemia in pregnancy


Mild anemia is common when you are pregnant. You may have severe anemia due to low iron, vitamin deficiency or some other reason. Anemia like this can make you tired and weak. If it is severe but not treated, it can increase the risk of serious complications, such as premature delivery.

Anemia treatment


In anemia treatment, oxygen, painkillers, oral and intravenous fluids are used to reduce pain and prevent complications. In some cases, doctors may also recommend blood transfusions, folic acid supplements, and antibiotics.
 

How to increase hemoglobin in the blood

  • Eat plenty of iron-rich Vegetables, leafy vegetables, meat, fish, eggs, beans and bran cereals help increase hemoglobin.
  • Pomegranate is beneficial for hemoglobin deficiency. It is rich in calcium, iron, starch and fiber. Vitamin C in pomegranate also helps in anemia by increasing iron absorption in the body. It also contains a lot of carbohydrates. If pomegranate is a regular part of your diet and can boost your immune system.
  • Dates are a rich source of nutrients. Due to the increased iron content, it is better to eat dates.
  • Vitamin C is rich in oranges, lemons, tomatoes and grapes. They help to increase the amount of hemoglobin in the body.
  • Beetroot has high levels of folic acid and potassium, as well as iron. Drinking a large amount of nitrate-containing beetroot daily in the form of juices can help increase hemoglobin levels.
  • Eating pulses, beans and peanuts increase the hemoglobin level. Sprouted beans are also good. 
These foods can be used to increase hemoglobin in the blood

Oranges are rich in vitamin C. Vitamin C increases iron absorption in the body and prevents anemia. 
Natural Remedies of Anemia
  • Oranges are rich in vitamin C. Vitamin C increases iron absorption in the body and prevents anemia.