6 Possible Symptoms of Kidney Failure | Symptoms May Leads to Kidney Diseases | Common Signs of Kidney Disorder

symptoms of kidney failure
It is common for a healthy person to urinate once a night and three to four times a day. But getting up to urinate more often at night may sign of kidney failure. In addition, be careful when urinating if you have seen foaming or bubbles.

Abnormal thin urine, urine color like dark tea, blood in urine, difficulty urinating, etc. indicates the sign of kidney failure.

Red blood cell production and growth disrupted by kidney failure. Due to this, the red blood cells are unable to supply the oxygen needed for their functioning, causing the brain and muscles to fail. Anemia Suffering is severe. Some people getting cold.

Shortness of oxygen and swelling of the lungs can cause shortness of breath. Lack of oxygen for the proper functioning of the brain can cause the head to become dull and unable to concentrate.

Do not ignore swellings found on the face, feet and hands. This is because the damaged kidneys fail to pump out excess water in the body.

The smell of ammonia on the breath is a sign of kidney disease.  Damaged kidneys have no enough capacity to eliminate the waste in the blood. Loss of appetite and taste, vomiting and nausea are other symptoms.

pay attention; If you see any of these symptoms, you should immediately consult with a Nephrologist.

Foods that people with kidney disease should avoid

The number of kidney diseases worldwide is increasing every day. People with kidney problems should take special care in eating. If possible, it is better to follow the Kidney Friendly Diet. Alcohol, heart disease and hepatitis C virus are major causes of kidney disease. Avoiding or limiting certain foods can help reduce the accumulation of blood wastes and improve kidney function. The following are five important foods that people with kidney disease should avoid.

Milk and Dairy products

Dairy products are rich in vitamins and nutrients. But they are also rich in phosphorus, potassium and protein. One cup of milk contains 222 mg of phosphorus and 349 mg of potassium. Milk strengthens normal bones but it is harmful in kidney patients. If you consume milk or dairy products after renal failure, it will increase the amount of phosphorus in the blood. It reduces bone thickness and reduces strength. So people with kidney problems should avoid milk/milk products.


Potatoes are rich in potassium. Potatoes cut into small pieces and put in hot water for 10 minutes will reduce potassium levels by up to 50%. Even if kept in water for four hours before cooking, potassium levels will reduce. However, potassium will not completely be removed. Therefore, it may be beneficial to avoid this in kidney patients. Studies show that a potato contains about 156 grams and sweet potato contains 114 gm of potassium.


Avocado is rich in nutrients and contains antioxidants, fat and fiber. However, kidney patients should avoid this. Because it contains a lot of potassium. 150gm of avocado contains 727 milligrams of potassium. That's twice as a banana peel.


The cola, particularly dark-colored and contains not only calories and sugar but also phosphorus. Food manufacturers often adding phosphorus to these drinks during the manufacturing process, which will avoid discoloration and prevent damage. The phosphorus thus added will be absorbed by our body. Unlike natural phosphorus, they do not blend to protein. Instead, they are found in the form of salt and are absorbed by the intestines. 200 ml of cola contains 50 to 100 mg of additive phosphorus. So cola is harmful to kidney patients.

Wheat bread

Wheat bread is another diet that should be avoided. Because it contains phosphorus and potassium. 30g of bread contains 57 mg of phosphorus and 69 mg of potassium. But in white bread, it is only 28 mg. Whether bread is white or brown are high in sodium.

Stage 5 renal failure (Stage 5 CKD)

In stage 5 of the Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) stage, the kidneys have lost all abilities to do their functions effectively and dialysis or a kidney transplant may need.

Polycystic Kidney Disease: Is it hiding in your genes?

(BPT) - Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD), causes numerous cysts to grow in the kidneys and for those affected by this condition, nearly 50% will experience End State Renal Disease (ESRD) by age 60. According to the National Kidney Foundation, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) accounts for as many as 90% of all polycystic kidney disease cases.

The most common inherited kidney disorder

ADPKD, the most common form of PKD, is a genetic kidney disease that leads to cyst formation and kidney growth. Additionally, ADPKD is the most common inherited renal disease/kidney disorder and according to recent data, affects as many as 140,000 Americans. And overall, ADPKD is the fourth leading cause of ERSD. ADPKD is a progressive condition and may eventually lead to kidney failure requiring some form of renal replacement therapy, either dialysis or kidney transplant.

While ADPKD is considered a rare disease and is relatively unknown to most people, it is unfortunately all too common in families impacted by the condition. In fact, children of parents with ADPKD have a 50% chance of inheriting the disease. This is a sobering statistic, however, a critical first step for people with a family history of chronic kidney disease or ADPKD is to discuss the condition with relatives and a doctor who specializes in kidney care as early as possible. However, not all cases of ADPKD are inherited, in approximately 5%?10% of patients with ADPKD, no family history can be documented, suggesting spontaneous mutations.

How ADPKD is diagnosed

Typically, ADPKD is diagnosed by an ultrasound of the kidneys; however, a computerized tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the kidneys may also be conducted. In addition, genetic testing may also be used for people who have received an inconclusive imaging result, have no family history of the condition, who may be considering testing to determine if he or she can pass the gene on to their children, and for diagnosis of possible kidney donors.

Using the latest technologies, physicians now have the ability to identify ADPKD patients who are at risk for rapid progression of kidney function decline as well as estimate how quickly someone with ADPKD is likely to progress based on the size of his or her kidneys. Although disease progression can be highly variable, even among family members, it’s important to confirm diagnosis early on as patients with rapidly progressing ADPKD reach end-stage renal disease at a younger age.

Management strategies for ADPKD

Since ADPKD gets worse with time, early diagnosis and treatment are critical. While signs and symptoms of ADPKD often develop between the ages of 30 and 40, individuals with a history of kidney diseases – especially if they know ADPKD is in their family – shouldn’t delay speaking with a kidney specialist, also known as a nephrologist. By acting early, they’ll be able to take steps to help protect kidney function and properly manage the disease, as well as any related complications such as high blood pressure, urinary tract infections, kidney stones, infected or bleeding cysts, abdominal bloating/discomfort and chronic pain.

Educational resources, such as www.PKDInfo.com, can help people have an informed conversation with a doctor about ADPKD. The website provides the latest information for understanding the disease and learning more about developing an effective management strategy such as maintaining a healthy diet, staying physically active, getting enough sleep and aiming for a healthy weight to help keep their kidneys healthy.

These things are especially important for those living with ADPKD. For more information about ADPKD visit www.PKDinfo.com or schedule an appointment with your doctor to learn more about your risk factors and management strategies.

By: Charlotte Jones-Burton, MD, MS, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc. Dr. Jones-Burton is dedicated to creating healthier communities globally through drug development, patient advocacy and people engagement/empowerment. She is passionate about positively impacting the lives of patients and communities who suffer with chronic diseases.