"Living Bill | Mercy Killing India"

"Living Will | Mercy Killing"


Living Bill is a document that gives the patient the ability to declare in advance that life on the ventilator does not have to be prolonged. According to a verdict issued by the Supreme Court of India in March 2018. This document will be relevant if the patient is unconscious or half-conscious.

In 2015, Common Cause, an organization, filed a petition in the Supreme Court demanding that Living Will be allowed in India. Although the patient has the right to refer to treatments that he does not need, he cannot ask for any treatment.

Passive euthanasia is the act of letting a person who medically testifies that there is no chance of a return to life in a serious condition due to illness or accident, die intentionally by withdrawing life-saving measures after legal proceedings. It must have the patient's prior consent, or the living will. That is, if a medical doctor finds that he cannot return to life due to illness, he should have written a death certificate in advance.

Passive euthanasia is legal in many countries around the world. In India too, in specific cases, euthanasia has been implemented under the permission of the Supreme Court. But in India, the Supreme Court legalized passive euthanasia on March 9, 2018.

This document will be relevant if the patient is unconscious or half-conscious. At the time of registration, the patient must be in full consciousness. 2 witnesses must be registered with the First Class Judicial Magistrate. It is the duty of the physician to treat it in his lifetime. If the patient is likely to return to life, the doctor can continue the treatment. If there is a dispute, the High Court should resolve.

It is up to the judicial magistrate to make a final decision on the withdrawal of life-saving devices. This requires the recommendation of the Medical Board, which includes the District Medical Officer. The patient may be referred to a person who has faith in performing the Living Will. One can modify the Will at any time.

The medical field defines two forms of euthanasia. The first method is to allow the patient to die by injecting the drug, which is unlikely to return to life. The patient will fall asleep with the injection of a drug, such as sodium pentothal. It will be a painless sleep. It is known as 'Active Euthanasia'. Passive euthanasia or passive euthanasia is the second method of withdrawing treatment and life-saving equipment that the patient is unsure of. Death is only allowed after such patients are certain that they do not respond to medication or rescue equipment.

According to the Supreme Court guidelines, a person can write a death letter in advance, stating that euthanasia should be permitted only when illness is not able to return to life. Allowing euthanasia may be considered by withdrawing life-saving devices if the patient has an early consent form (living will). The decision must be made by a medical board. The relative of the person who wrote the consent petition should approach the High Court seeking euthanasia. The High Court will appoint a District Magistrate to take a decision.

The District Magistrate shall form a Medical Board. The Guidelines also point out that a final decision should be taken with regard to this by the Medical Board. The Supreme Court observed that such deaths are considered euthanasia.