Thyroid Disease | What are the Common Signs and Symptoms of Goiter

Thyroid

The thyroid is a gland that plays a crucial role in our body's growth and metabolism. The thyroid, at the front of the neck, it like a butterfly shape. Any changes in the functions of the gland can have significant effects on the body.

The thyroid is a hormone-producing gland that affects the body's functions, including the speed of the heart and the burning of calories. Any type of functional impairment of the thyroid gland results in a change in the amount of hormone produced.

What is Thyroid Disease | Goiter


Thyroid disease is a health problem common to most people today. The disease can cause a deficiency in iodine in the blood.

Thyroid disease is a common complication caused by an excessive or dysfunction of the thyroid gland. It is an essential organ for the production of thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck below Adam's apple.

Causes of Thyroid Disease


Thyroid-related problems can be caused by iodine deficiency and autoimmune diseases, in which your immune system attacks your body and leads to hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the levels of thyroid hormone (T3 and T4) reduced in blood and Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) is a condition of overproduction of the hormone thyroxine.

Thyroid and Heart rate

It is known as pulse. Heart rate is the number of times a person's heartbeats per minute. The normal heart rate of an adult person is 60 to 100 beats per minute.

A rapid heart rate is a common symptom of Hyperthyroidism. Because of the increasing amount of thyroid hormone in the body, heart rate greater than 90 is common in hyperthyroidism, even when rest or sleeping.

Thyroid disease symptoms in women
 
Women are three times more likely to have thyroid disease than men. Doctors recommend women over the age of 35 to take good care of thyroid diseases, major disease includes hyperthyroidism.

There are many symptoms that can be predicted by various thyroid diseases. They are manifest in our daily life. 
  • irregular periods
  • muscle or joint pain
  • tiredness
  • dry skin 
  • constipation
  • feeling cold
  • overweight
  • hair loss
  • sadness
  • failure of concentration 
These are included in thyroid symptoms in men also

How to know if you have thyroid

Let's look at the early detection of thyroid diseases.

Thyroid Symptoms checklist:

  1. Many people feel fatigued for no reason. Refreshment of doing daily chores goes away. It is a sign of thyroid disease. With or without thyroid hormones, fatigue may felt. People with hyperthyroidism often fall asleep at night. They look tired all day. Some people with hyperthyroidism are more vigorous than usual.
  2. Depression can be caused by a variety of causes. But it is the cause of certain diseases. Hypothyroidism may the cause behind depression. Hyperthyroidism is the cause of anxiety. Antidepressants may not beneficial for depression due to thyroid problems.
  3. Women with hypothyroidism may have menstrual cramps and excessive bleeding. (Hyperthyroidism associated with periodic menstruation, dry menstrual periods and mild bleeding). Thyroid disease can cause infertility.
  4. a decrease in cholesterol levels may a sign of hyperthyroidism. In hypothyroidism, bad cholesterol LDL and triglycerides raised and good cholesterol HDL reduced.
  5. Heredity may a reason. If your father, mother, or siblings have any of your own thyroid diseases, you too can come.
  6. Obesity, excessive fatigue, infertility, constipation, changes in sound, excessive cold, swelling of the face and feet, and hair loss may the sign of thyroid disease.
  7. Excessive fatigue, excessive appetite, weight loss, increased heart rate, trembling, excessive sweating, insomnia, anxiety, insomnia, menstrual disturbances.

People with the above symptoms should not be considered to have had a thyroid. But people with these symptoms should seek medical attention and do the necessary tests. Only then can you know scientifically whether you have a thyroid.

The thyroid can prevent a certain extent with a regular lifestyle and diet. People with goiter, in general, need to more careful with their diet. It is best to avoid certain foods and vegetables.

Tapioca, cabbage, cauliflower, and broccoli have certain compounds called Goitrogens, which inhibit the absorption of iodine into the body. The main goitrogens are thiocyanate, phenols, and flavonoids. When using cabbage, tapioca, and cauliflower regularly, these Goitrogens disrupt the function of the iodine, thereby enlarging swelling to the thyroid gland.

Goitrogens

Goitrogens are also present in mustard, maize, and sweet potatoes. The villain is the Goitrogen, thiourea of the mustard. The use of mustard is generally low. Some studies say that people that eat tapioca regularly more likely affect goiter. Dangerous is the goitrogen in the tapioca. At the same time, eating tapioca and fish together may the solution.

Natural remedies for thyroid problems

Some home remedies that deal with thyroid disorders:
  • Ginger
  • Beans
  • Milk, Cheese, Yogurt
  • Iodine Supplements 
  • Apple Cedar Vinegar
  • Coconut Oil
  • Almonds
  • Vitamin B and D
  • Daily Exercise

Sea fishes are rich in iodine.

Only medicate after thorough check-up | Consult a doctor for medical advice.

Image by commons.wikimedia.org

Notes
  • Normal resting heart rate is closer to 40 beats per minute
  • normal pulse rate 60-100 beats per minute